Types of Elections

There is more than one type of election and knowing this can help you prepare to vote. Here you may read about the different types of elections. But first you should know about Florida being a Closed Primary state.
FLORIDA'S CLOSED PRIMARY SYSTEM

Florida is a closed primary state. That means that only voters who are registered members of political parties may vote for their respective party's candidates in a primary election. Voters without party affiliation are not eligible to vote for party candidates in a primary election. The exception to this is the Universal Primary Contest.Closed Primary Examples:

  1. Jack is a registered republican. Jack's ballot will have republican seats, non-partisan seats, and any issues on his ballot.,
  2. Jill is a registered democrat. Jill's ballot will have democratic seats, non-partisan seats, and any issues on her ballot.
  3. Alice is registered without a party affiliation. Alice's ballot will have only non-partisan seats, and any issues on her ballot.
  4. Richard is registered with a minor party. Richard’s ballot will have non-partisan seats, and any issues on his ballot, unless his registered minor party has two candidates running for a partisan seat.
Non-partisan judicial and school board offices, non-partisan special districts, municipal and local referenda questions are included in some primary elections. All registered voters, including those without party affiliation are entitled to receive and vote these ballots.
UNIVERSAL PRIMARY CONTEST

In a primary election, if there is a partisan race where all the candidates that qualified to run were of the same party affiliation AND the winner will have no opposition in the general election then there is a Universal Primary Contest.  This means all qualified electors, regardless of party affiliation, may vote in the primary election for that office. The candidates receiving the highest number of votes cast in the primary election shall be declared the winner to such office. This means their name and office will not appear on the general election ballot.

Example:
Qualified Candidate A -- DEM
Qualified Candidate B -- DEM
(No other candidates qualified for this office, therefore there will be no opposition in the general election.)
The winner will be determined on the,primary election ballot where all voters regardless of their registered party affiliation will vote on the candidates for that contest.
PRESIDENTIAL PREFERENCE PRIMARY ELECTIONS

Is an election for the purpose of nominating a party nominee for President of the United States.

PRIMARY ELECTIONS

Is an election for the purpose of nominating a party nominee to be,voted for in the General Election to fill a national, state, county, or district office. Non-partisan judicial and school board offices, non-partisan special districts, municipal and local referenda questions are included in some primary elections. All registered voters, including those without party affiliation are entitled to receive and vote these ballots. Voter Registration books close 29 days prior to the election for new registration and party affiliation changes.

GENERAL ELECTIONS

Is an election to determine who takes office for the national, state, county, or district office.,Voter Registration books close 29 days prior to the election for new registrations.

SPECIAL ELECTIONS

An election called by the Governor of Florida for the purpose of electing a party nominee to be voted on in a General or Special General Election.
NON-PARTISAN OFFICES

After qualifying for office non-partisan offices are designated for either the primary election ballot or the general election ballot. School Board and Judicial offices are the only non-partisan races that appear on the primary ballot when there are only two candidates qualified.,All other non-partisan races with only two candidates will go straight to the general election ballot. If races have more than two candidates they will appear on the primary ballot.,If one candidate receives 50% + 1 of the vote he or she wins.,If no candidate receives 50% + 1 of the vote then the two candidates who received the highest numbers will face off in the general election.
St. Johns County Supervisor of Elections ▪ 4455 Avenue A, Suite 101 ▪ St. Augustine, Florida 32095 ▪ (904) 823-2238 ▪ Toll Free: (888) 960-2959 ▪ Fax (904) 823-2249
F.S. 668.6076 Under Florida law, e-mail addresses are public records. If you do not want your e-mail address released in response to a public-records request, do not send electronic mail to this entity. Instead, contact this office by phone or in writing.